1. Printed Sources about Hawaiian Music & Hula

Ah Ho, Mele. “Learning and Teaching the Hula.” Kamehameha Journal of Education 5 (1994): 151-58. Print.

Akindes, Fay Yokomizo. “Hawaiian-Music Radio as Diasporic Habitus: A Rhizomatic Study of Power, Resistance, and Identity.” Ohio University, 1999. Print.

—. “Sudden Rush: Na Mele Paleoleo (Hawaiian Rap) as Liberatory Discourse.” Discourse 23.1 (2001): 82-98. Print.

—. “Dance of the Red Dog: Na Wahine Kumu Hula as Protectors of Hawaiian Culture.” Intercultural Communication and Creative Practice: Music, Dance, and Women’s Cultural Identity. Ed. Lengel, Laura. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2004. 79-94. Print.

—. Rev. of Kois, Facing Future (2011). Hawaiian Journal of History 45 (2011): 179-81. Print.

Allen, Robert C. Creating Hawai’i Tourism: A Memoir. Honolulu: Bess Press, 2004. Print.

Andersen, L. E., and T. Malcolm Rockwell. “Hawaiian Recordings: The Early Years.” Victrola and 78 Journal 7.Winter (1996): 1-4. Print.

Ariyoshi, Rita, with excerpts from the unpublished writings of Maiki Aiu. Hula Is Life: The Story of Halau Hula O Maiki. Ed. Mann, Lee Puakeala. Honolulu: Maiki Aiu Building Corporation, 1998. Print.

Balme, Christopher. “Staging the Pacific: Framing Authenticity in Performances for Tourists at the Polynesian Cultural Center.” Theatre Journal 50 (1998): 53-70. Print.

—. “Dressing the Hula: Iconography, Performance and Cultural Identity Formation in Late Nineteenth Century Hawaii.” Paideuma 45 (1999): 233-55. Print.

—. “Sexual Spectacle: Theatricality and the Performance of Sex in Early Encounters in the Pacific.” TDR: The Drama Review 44.4 (2000): 67-85. Print.

—. “Selling the Bird: Richard Walton Tully’s the Bird of Paradise and the Dynamics of Theatrical Commodification.” Theater Journal 57 (2005): 1-20. Print.

—. Pacific Performances: Theatricality and Cross-Cultural Encounter in the South Seas. Hampshire and New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2007. Print.

Bambrick, Nikki, and Jeremy Miller. “Exotic Hula: ‘Hawaiian’ Dance Entertainment in Post-War Australia.” Perfect Beat 2.1 (1994): 68-87. Print.

Bandy, David. “The History of the Royal Hawaiian Band 1836-1980 with a Concentration on the Era of Bandmaster Henry Berger.” University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, 1989. Print.

—. “The Royal Hawaiian Band: America’s Royal Legacy.” IGEB Mitteilungsblatt.3 (1989): 167-73. Print.

—. “Bandmaster Henry Berger and the Royal Hawaiian Band.” Hawaiian Journal of History 24 (1990): 69-90. Print.

Basham, J. J. Leilani. “He Puke Mele Lahui: Na Mele Kupa’a, Na Mele Ku’e a Me Na Mele Aloha O Na Kanaka Maoli.” University of Hawai’i at Manoa, 2002. Print.

Basten, Fred E., and Charles Phoenix. Leis, Luaus and Alohas: The Lure of Hawaii in the Fifties. Honolulu: Island Heritage Publishing, 1999. Print.

Beck, Emily Johnson. “The Musical Heritage of Hawaii.” University of Michigan, 1969. Print.

Beckwith, Martha. “The Hawaiian Hula-Dance.” Journal of American Folklore 29.113 (1916): 409-12. Print.

Berinobis, Shari ‘Iolani Floyd. The Spirit of Hula. Honolulu: Bess Press, 2004. Print.

Blackburn, Mark. Hula Girls and Surfer Boys, 1870-1940. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing, 2000. Print.

—. Hula Heaven: The Queen’s Album. Atglen, PA: Schiffer, 2001. Print.

Bolante, Ronna, and Michael Keany. The 50 Greatest Hawai’i Albums. Honolulu: Watermark Publishing, 2004. Print.

Brooks, Tim. “The Hawaiian Invasion.” American History 39.5 (2004): 48. Print.

Buck, Elizabeth Bentzel. “The Hawaii Music Industry.” Social Process in Hawaii.31 (1984-1985): 137-53. Print.

—. Paradise Remade: The Politics of Culture and History in Hawai’i. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1993. Print.

—. “A Brief History of Contemporary Music Production in Hawai’i.” Whose Master’s Voice? Eds. Ewbank, Alison and Fouli Papageorgiou. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998. 88-97. Print.

Carmack, Ka’ala. “Hawai’i–Art Music.” The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. Vol. 9, Australia and the Pacific Island. Eds. Kaeppler, Adrienne and J. W. Love1998. 923-25. Print.

Carr, James Revell. “In the Wake of John Kanaka: Musical Interactions between Euro-American Sailors and Pacific Islanders, 1600-1900.” University of California, Santa Barbara, 2006. Print.

———-. Hawaiian Music in Motion: Mariners, Missionaries, and Minstrels. University of Illinois Press, 2014.

rev. by C. Kati Szego. Ethnomusicology 61/2 (2017), 349-353.

Carroll, Rick. Iz: Voice of the People. Honolulu: Bess Press, 2006. Print.

Cazimero, Robert. “Simple Truths, Profound Gratitude: “I Won’t Ever Embarrass My Kumu!” The Hawai’inuiākea Monograph: I Ulu I Ke Kumu. Ed. Nogelmeier, Puakea. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press in association with Hawai’inuiākea School of Hawaiian Knowledge, University of Hawai’i at Mānoa, 2011. Print.

Chan, Christine Emi. “Beyond Colonization, Commodification, and Reclamation: Hula and Hawaiian Identity.” In The Oxford Handbook of Dance and Ethnicity, ed. Anthony Shay and Barbara Sellers-Young. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Charlot, John. “The Application of Form and Redaction Criticism to Hawaiian Literature.” Journal of the Polynesian Society 86 (1977): 479-501. Print.

—. Rev. of Barrere, Pukui and Kelly, Hula: Historical Perspectives. Ha’ilono Mele 6.2 (1980): 11-12. Print.

—. “William Charles Lunalilo’s “Alekoki’ as an Example of Cultural Synthesis in Nineteenth Century Hawaiian Literature.” Journal of the Polynesian Society 91 (1982): 435-44. Print.

—. “A Pattern in Three Hawaiian Chants.” Journal of American Folklore 96 (1983): 64-8. Print.

—. “Chanting the Universe.” Emphasis International, 1983. Print.

—. “The Hawaiian Poetry of Religion and Politics. .” Institute for Polynesian Studies, Monograph Series No. 5. Ed. Studies, Institute for Polynesian. Laie, Hawaii: Brighham Young University, Hawaii Campus, 1985. Print.

—. Rev. of Luomala, Hula Ki’i: Hawaiian Puppetry. Journal of the Polynesian Society. 94 (1985): 451-3. Print.

Chinen, Nate. “[over the] Rainbow Warrior: Israel Kamakawiwo’ole and Another Kind of Somewhere.” Pop When the World Falls Apart: Music in the Shadow of Doubt. Ed. Weisbard, Eric. Durham: Duke University Press, 2012. xx-xx. Print.

Clark, Gregory. ““A Child Born of the Land”: The Rhetorical Aesthetic of Hawaiian Song.” Rhetoric Society Quarterly 42.3 (2012): 251-70. Print.

Congdon-Martin, Douglas. Aloha Spirit: Hawaiian Art and Popular Design, in Cooperation with the California Heritage Museum, Santa Monica, California. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing, 1998. Print.

Connell, John, and Chris Gibson. “‘No Passport Necessary:ʻ Music, Record Covers and Vicarious Tourism in Post-War Hawaiʻi.” The Journal of Pacific History 43 (2008): 51-75. Print.

Cook, Christina Mauliola. “The Art of the Hula as Seen in the Dance of ‘Iolani Luahine.”. Honolulu: University of Hawaii (Hawaiian Collection), 1983. Print.

—. “The Art of the Hula as Seen in the Dance of ‘Iolani Luahine.” UCLA Journal of Dance Ethnology 9 (1985): 32-45. Print.

Coyle, Jackey, and Rebecca Coyle. “Aloha Australia: Hawaiian Music in Australia (1920-55).” Perfect Beat 2.2 (1995): 31-63. Print.

Crabbe, Michael. “Hula’s Ginger Blossom Maiki Aiu Lake, ‘Mother of the Hawaiian Renaissance.’.” Voice of Hawaii 24.1 (1995): 1, 4, 5. Print.

—. “The Evolution of the Hula, Part I, Ekahi.” Voice of Hawaii 24.3 (1995): 1, 7. Print.

—. “The Evolution of the Hula, Part Ii, Elua.” Voice of Hawaii 24.4 (1995): 1, 6. Print.

—. “Look to the Hula Resources.” Voice of Hawaii 24.5 (1995): 1, 6, 8. Print.

Desmond, Jane C. “Hula Hips and Smiling Lips: Americans Abroad at Home.” Proceedings, Society of Dance History Scholars. Fifteenth Annual Conference. University of California, Riverside, 1992. Print.

—. “Invoking the ‘Native’: Body Politics in Contemporary Hawaiian Tourist Shows.” TDR: The Drama Review 41.4 (1998): 83-109. Print.

—. “Picturing Hawai’i: The ‘Ideal’ Native and the Origins of Tourism, 1880-1915.” Positions 7 (1999): 459-501. Print.

—. Staging Tourism: Bodies on Display from Waikiki to Sea World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999. Print.

Donaghy, Joseph Keola. “Hawaiian Slack Key Guitar Instruction: Moving Forward by Looking Back.” Hūlili 8 (2012): 71-96. Print.

Donaghy, Keola. “Na Himeni a John Kameaaloha Almeida: He Kalailaina Ho’ohalikelike Me Ke Kalele Ma Luna O Ka ‘Oko’a O Ka Puana Kama’ilio a Me Ka Puana Himeni.” M.A. Thesis. University of Hawai’i at Hilo, 2003. Print.

—. “Puana ‘Ia Me Ka ‘Ōko’a: A Comparative Analysis of Hawaiian Language Pronunciation as Spoken and Sung.” Language Documentation & Conservation 5 (2011): 107-33. Print.

Donaldson, Beth Allegra Kahikina. “Ka Makana Hula: “The Gift of Hula”: The Proclamation and Healing of the Hawaiian Hula.” M.A. Thesis. Pacific School of Religion, 1991. Print.

Dorton, Lilikala. Rev. of Luomala, Hula Ki’i: Hawaiian Puppetry. Pacific History Bibliography & Comment  (1985): 61-2. Print.

Doyle, Peter. “From My Blue Heaven to Race with the Devil: Echo, Reverb and (Dis)Ordered Space in Early Popular Music Recording.” Popular Music 23.1 (2004): 31-49. Print.

DuPuis, Reshela. “Hawaiian Documentary Videos as Political Tools.” The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. Vol. 9, Australia and the Pacific Islands. Eds. Kaeppler, Adrienne and J. W. Love1998. 221-22. Print.

Engle, Robert. “The Changing Concept of Desirable Tone Quality in Samoan Choral Music.” Choral Journal 33.10 (1993): 37-42. Print.

Fellezs, Kevin. “Playing Guitar, Performing Hawaiian.” Institute for Studies in American Music Newsletter Spring (2007): 4-5, 12. Print.

Fitzgerald, Jon, and Philip Hayward. “Tropical Cool: The Arthur Lyman Sound.” In Widening the Horizon: Exoticism in Post-War Popular Music. Ed. Hayward, Philip. Sydney: John Libbey, 1999. 94-113. Print.

Fong, Randie K. “Music and Education: Hawai’i–Kamehameha Schools.” In ” The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. Vol. 9, Australia and the Pacific Islands. Eds. Kaeppler, Adrienne and J. W. Love1998. 275-77. Print.

Ford, Phil. “Taboo: Time and Belief in Exotica.” Representations.103 Summer (2008): 107-35. Print.

Frank, Stuart M. “No Ke Ano Ahiahi: A “Lost” Hawaiian Narrative Ballad.” Mainsʻl Haul: A Journal of Pacific Maritim History 38/3 (2002), 22-27. Print.

Franklin, Cynthia, and Laura Lyons. “Remixing Hybridity: Globalization, Native Resistance, and Cultural Production in Hawai’i.” American Studies 45 (2004): 49-80. Print.

Freeman, Linton C. “The Changing Functions of a Folksong.” Journal of American Folklore 70 (1957): 215-20. Print.

Galla, Candace Kaleimamoowahinekapu, Louise Janet Leiola Aquino Galla, Dennis Kanaʻe Keawe, and Larry Lindsey Kimura. “Perpetuating Hula: Globalization and the Traditional Art.” Pacific Arts 14/1-2 (2015), 129-140.

Garrett, Charles Hiroshi. “Sounds of Paradise: Hawai’i and the American Musical Imagination.” Struggling to Define a Nation: American Music and the Twentieth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008. 165-213. Print.

Golembe, Carla. The Story of Hula. Honolulu: Bess Press, 2004. Print.

Griffin, Bion. “Where Lohi’au Ruled: Excavations at Ha’ena, Halele’a, Kaua’i.” Hawaiian Archaeology 1.1 (1984): 1-17. Print.

Hale, Constance. The Natives Are Restless: A San Francisco Dance Master Takes Hula into the 21st Century. San Francisco: Spark Press with Nā Lei Hulu i ka Wēkiu, 2016.

Hall, Dale. “Hawaiian Music–Past and Present.” Journal of the West 22 (1983): 65-9. Print.

Hammond, Joyce D. “Photography, Tourism and the Kodak Hula Show.” Visual Anthropology 14 (2001): 1-32. Print.

Hamrin, Tina. “The Hula in Hawaii and the Hawaiian Movement.” Temenos 30 (1994). Print.

Hansen, Harald Alvin. “Ancient Music of Hawaii.” M. Mus. dissertation [sic]. Catholic University of America, 1960. Print.

Hayashi, Leslie Ann, and Kathleen Wong Bishop. “Aloha ‘Oe”: The Song Heard around the World. Honolulu: Mutual Publishing, 2004. Print.

Hennessey, Pat. “Launching a Classic: “Aloha ‘Oe” and the Royal Hawaiian Band Tour of 1883.” Journal of Band Research 37 (2001): 29-39. Print.

Hickman, Roger. “Hawaii’s First Opera.” Journal of the West 22 (1983): 58-64. Print.

Ho, Timothy Kealii. “Power, Resistance and Native Hawaiian Identity: Examining the Choral Music of the Kamehameha Schools.” MA thesis. University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, 2009. Print.

—. Rev. of Legacy Hula Vol. 1: Kalākaua (Daniel Ho Creations DHC-80046, 2006) and Legacy Hula Vol. 2: Kapi‘olani (Daniel Ho Creations DHC-80054, 2007), compact discs. Journal of American Folklore.124 (2011): 99-100. Print.

Ho’omanawanui, Ku’ualoha. “Yo Brah, It’s Hip Hop Hawaiian Style: The Influence of Reggae and Rap on Contemporary Hawaiian Music.” Hawai’i Review 56 (2000-2001): 136-75. Print.

—. “He Lei Ho’oheno No Na Kau a Kau: Language, Performance, and Form in Hawaiian Poetry.” Contemporary Pacific 17 (2005): 29-81. Print.

Hood, Mantle. Rev. of Kanahele, Ed., Hawaiian Music and Musicians: An Illustrated History. American Music 1 (1983): 86-7. Print.

—. “Musical Ornamentation as History: The Hawaiian Steel Guitar.” Yearbook for Traditional Music 15 (1983): 141-48. Print.

Hopkins, Jerry. The Hula. Hong Kong: Apa Productions, Ltd, 1982. Print.

—. The Hula. rev. ed. Honolulu: Bess Press, 2012. Print.

Hosokawa, Shuhei. “East of Honolulu: Hawaiian Music in Japan from the 1920s to the 1940s.” Perfect Beat 2 (1994): 51-67. Print.

Houghton, Alan. Heartbeat of Hawai’i: Alan Houghton’s Photographic Hula Collection. Honolulu: Island Heritage Publishing, 1998. Print.

Iga, Carolyn Sanae. “A Study of the History of Hawaiian Music in Relation to the Development of the Christian Faith.” Master of Church Music thesis. Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1991. Print.

Imada, Adria. “Aloha America: Hawaiian Entertainment and Cultural Politics in the U.S. Empire.” Ph.D. dissertation. New York University, 2003. Print.

—. “Hawaiians on Tour: Hula Circuits through the American Empire.” American Quarterly 56 (2004): 111-49. Print.

—. “Head Rush: Hip Hop and a Hawaiian Nation “on the Rise”.” The Vinyl Ain’t Final: Hip Hop and the Globalization of Black Popular Culture. Eds. Basu, Dipannita and Sidney J. Lemelle. London and Ann Arbor: Pluto Press, 2006. 85-99. Print.

—. “The Army Learns to Luau: Imperial Hospitality and Military Photography in Hawai’i.” The Contemporary Pacific 20 (2008): 329-61. Print.

—. “Transnational Hula as Colonial Culture.” Journal of Pacific History 46 (2011): 149-76. Print.

Imada, Adria L. Aloha America: Hula Circuits through the U.S. Empire. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2012. Print.

Itagaki, Jan, and eds. Lovina LePendu, eds. Nānā I Nā Loea Hula: Look to the Hula Resources Vol. 2. Honolulu: Kalihi-Palama Culture & Arts Society, Inc., 1997. Print.

Jacobs, Ron. “Richard Kauhi: Father of Contemporary Hawaiian Music.” Voice of Hawaii 21.8,  9, 10, 11 (1992): 1,7,8/1,5,7,8/1,7,8/1,5,7,8. Print.

Jahnichen, Lisa. “The History of the ʻUkulele ʻIs Todayʻ.” IN A Distinctive Voice in the Antipodes: Essays in Honour of Stephen A. Wild, edited by Kirsty Gillespie, Sally Treloyn, and Don Niles (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 2017), pp. 375-405

Johnson, Rubellite Kawena. Rev. of Tatar, Nineteenth Century Hawaiian Chant. Pacific Studies 7 (1983): 184-8. Print.

Kaeppler, Adrienne. “Dance in Anthropological Perspective.” Annual Review of Anthropology 7 (1978): 31-49. Print.

—. Rev. of McLean, An Annotated Bibliography of Oceanic Music and Dance (1977). Ethnomusicology 23 (1979): 142-43. Print.

—. Polynesian Dance, with a Selection for Contemporary Performances. Honolulu: Alpha Delta Kappa, 1983. Print.

—. “Spontaneous Choreography: Improvisation in Polynesian Dance.” Yearbook for Traditional Music 19 (1987): 13-22. Print.

—. “Pacific Festivals and Ethnic Identity ” Time out of Time: Essays on the Festival. Ed. Falassi, Alessandro. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1987. 162-70. Print.

—. Rev. of Nona Beamer, Nā Mele Hula: A Collection of Hawaiian Hula Chants. Folk Music Journal  (1989): 653-5. Print.

—. “The Use of Archival Film in an Ethnohistoric Study of Persistence and Change in Hawaiian Hula.” Music and Dance of Aboriginal Australia and the South Pacific: The Effects of Documentation on the Living Tradition. Ed. Moyle, Alice Marshall. Sydney: University of Sydney, 1992. 110-29. Print.

—. Hula Pahu: Hawaiian Drum Dances. Vol. 1 Ha’a and Hula Pahu: Sacred Movements. Bishop Museum Bulletin in Anthropology. Vol. 3. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 1993. Print.

—. “Ritual Theater, and Spectacle for Gods and Mortals: A Personal View of Classical Hawaiian and Japanese Dance.” Island Creativity and Tradition–Japan and Hawai’i: A symposium on Japanese dance and hula kahiko presented by Onoe Kikunobu Dance Company in cooperation with the University of Hawai’i at Manoa Department of Theatre and Dance and Summer Session. 1994. Print.

—. “Visible and Invisible in Hawaiian Dance.” Human Action Signs in Cultural Context: The Visible and the Invisible in Movement and Dance. Ed. Farnell, Brenda. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1995. 31-43. Print.

—. “The Look of Music, the Sound of Dance: Music as a Visual Art.” Visual Anthropology 8 (1996), 133-153.

—. “Hawaiian Festivals.” The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. Vol. 9, Australia and the Pacific Islands. Eds. Kaeppler, Adrienne and J. W. Love, 1998. 66-67. Print.

—. “Musical Ensembles: Hawai’i [Royal Hawaiian Band].” The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. Vol. 9, Australia and the Pacific Islands. Eds. Kaeppler, Adrienne and J. W. Love, 1998. 132-34. Print.

—. “Hawaiian Land, Politics, and Music.” The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. Vol. 9, Australia and the Pacific Islands. Eds. Kaeppler, Adrienne and J. W. Love, 1998. 219-21. Print.

—. “Drums of East Polynesia [Pahu].” The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. Vol. 9, Australia and the Pacific Islands. Eds. Kaeppler, Adrienne and J. W. Love, 1998. 384-85. Print.

—. “Hawai’i–Dance.” The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. Vol. 9, Australia and the Pacific Islands. Eds. Kaeppler, Adrienne and J. W. Love, 1998. 925-28. Print.

—. “Dance and the Concept of Style.” Yearbook for Traditional Music 33 (2002): 49-63. Print.

—. “Recycling Tradition: A Hawaiian Case Study.” Dance Chronicle 27.3 (2004): 293-311. Print.

—. “Interpreting Ritual as Performance and Theory.” Oceania 80.3 (2010): 263-71. Print.

—. “The Beholderʻs Share: Viewing Music and Dance in a Globalized World.” Ethnomusicology 54.2 (2010): 195-201. Print.

—. “Chanting Grief, Dancing Memories: Objectifying Hawaiian Laments.” Humanities Research 19/3 (2013), 71-81.

—. “Dynamic Dialogues: Writing Dance as Tradition, Contemporanity, and Fusion.” Dancing Mosaic: Issues on Dance Hybridity. Ed. Nor, Mohd Anis Nd. Malaysia: Cultural Centre University of Malaya and National Department for Culture and Arts, Ministry of Information Communication and Culture, 2013. 17-26. Print.

—. “Music and Dance as Export and Import: A Case Study of Japan in Europe, and Hawaiʻi in Japan.” Yearbook for Traditional Music 45 (2013): 215-30.

—. “Capturing Music and Dance in an Archive: A Meditation on Imprisonment. IN A Distinctive Voice in the Antipodes: Essays in Honour of Stephen A. Wild, edited by Kirsty Gillespie, Sally Treloyn, and Don Niles (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 2017), pp. 429-442.

Kaeppler, Adrienne, and Olive Lewin. “Pacific Festivals and the Promotion of Identity, Politics, and Tourism.” Come Mek Me Hol’ Yu Han’: The Impact of Tourism on Traditional Music. Eds. Kaeppler, Adrienne and Olive Lewin. Kingston, Jamaica: Jamaica Memory Bank, 1988. 121-38. Print.

Kaeppler, Adrienne, and Jacob W. Love, eds. Australia and the Pacific Islands. Vol. 9 of the Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. New York: Garland Publishing, 1998. Print.

Kaeppler, Adrienne L. Rev. of McLean, An Annotated Bibliography of Oceanic Music and Dance. Ethnomusicology 23 (1979): 142-3. Print.

—. “Recycling Tradition: A Hawaiian Case Study.” Dance Chronicle 27.3 (2004): 293-311. Print.

Kakihara, Lynne Keala. “Hula across the Pacific: A Look at Hula Halau Mehana O Ka La of Tokyo.” M.A. thesis. University of Hawai’i at Manoa, 1997. Print.

Kam, Betty. “Archives and Institutional Resources: Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum.” The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. Vol. 9, Australia and the Pacific Islands. Eds. Kaeppler, Adrienne and J. W. Love1998. 968-70. Print.

Kam, Ralph. “The Gospel Roots of ʻHawaiʻi Alohaʻ.” Hawaiian Journal of History 51 (2017), 5-29.

Kamahele, Momi. “Hula as Resistance.” forward motion 11.3 (1992): 40-46. Print.

—. “Ilio’ulaokalani: Defending Native Hawaiian Culture.” Amerasia 26.2 (2000): 38-65. Print.

Kamakahi, Jeffrey J., and Albert B. Robillard. “Traversing Inter-Ethnic Social Orders: Native Hawaiian Song Collections.” Social Process in Hawaii 35 (1994): 213-30. Print.

Kanahele, George S., ed. Hawaiian Music and Musicians: An Illustrated History. Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii, 1979. Print.

Kanahele, George S.; revised and updated by John Berger, ed. Hawaiian Music & Musicians: An Encyclopedic History. Honolulu: Mutual Publishing, 2012. Print.

Kanahele, Pualani Kanaka’ole. Holo Mai Pele. Companion Book to “Dance in America: Holo Mai Pele,” Broadcast on Pbs’ Great Performances in October, 2001. Honolulu and Hilo: Pacific Islanders in Communications and Edith Kanaka’ole Foundation, 2001. Print.

Kasher, Robert Kamohalu, and Burl Burlingame. Da Kine Sound: Conversations with the People Who Create Hawaiian Music, Volume One. Hawaii: Press Pacifica, 1978. Print.

Kealiinohomoku, Joann W. “A Court Dancer Disagrees with Emerson’s Classic Book on the Hula.” Ethnomusicology 8.2 (1964): 161-64. Print.

—. “Dance and Self-Accompaniment.” Ethnomusicology 9.3 (1965): 292-95. Print.

—. “Hopi and Polynesian Dance: A Study in Cross-Cultural Comparisons.” Ethnomusicology 11.3 (1967): 343-58. Print.

Kealiinohomoku, Joann W. . Rev. of Edith Kanaka‘ole, Ha’aku’i Pele i Hawai’i (12″ 33-1/3 LP disc, Hula HS-560). Ethnomusicology 24 (1980): 335-6. Print.

Kealiinohomoku, Joann W. “Music and Dance of the Hawaiian and Hopi Peoples.” Becoming Human Through Music: The Wesleyan Symposium on the Perspectives of Social Anthropology in the Teaching and Learning of Music. Wesleyan University, 1985. Print.

—. “Hula Space and Its Transmutations.” Dance as Cultural Heritage Vol. 2 / Dance Research Annual 16 (1985): 11-21. Print.

—. Rev. of Kaeppler, Polynesian Dance. Ethnomusicology 30 (1986): 579-80. Print.

—. Rev. of Tatar, Nineteenth Century Hawaiian Chant. Ethnomusicology 31 (1987): 143-5. Print.

Kelly, Marion. Pele and Hi’iaka Visit the Sites at Ke’e, Ha’ena, Island of Kaua’i. Bishop Museum Publications in Education. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 1984. Print.

Kennedy, Raymond. Rev. of McLean, An Annotated Bibliography of Oceanic Music and Dance. Yearbook of the International Folk Music Council 9 (1979): 106. Print.

Kimura, Larry Lindsey. Ke Kani a Ke Au Mauli Hawaiʻi Hou: The Sound of the Hawaiian Renaissance. Hūlili: 10 (2016), 11-33. http://www.kpublishing.org/_assets/publishing/hulili/Hulili_Vol10_ch1_Kimura.pdf

King, John, and Jim Tranquada. “A New History of the Origins and Development of the ‘Ukulele, 1838-1915.” Hawaiian Journal of History 37 (2003): 1-32. Print.

—. “The Singular Case of Manuel Nunes and the Invention of the Bouncing Flea.” Galpin Society Journal 70.April (2007): 60-95. Print.

Kingsbury, Aaron. “Music in the Fields: Constructing Narratives of the Late 19th Century Hawaiian Plantation Cultural Landscape.” Yearbook of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers 70 (2008): 45-58. Print.

Klarr, Caroline K. Hawaiian Hula and Body Ornamentation 1778 to 1858. Los Osos, CA: Bearsville Press and Cloud Mountain Press, 1996. Print.

Kohl, Randy. “Hawaiian Slack Key Guitar: Taro-Patched Tourism.” The Thirtieth World Conference of the ICTM. Unpublished manuscript, University of Hawaii Library, 1989. Print.

Kois, Dan. Facing Future. 33-1/3. New York: Continuum, 2010. Print.

Kurokawa, Yoko. “Hula Halau in Japan: A Case Study of Hula Schools in Tokyo.” Ethnomusicology Online (1997). Web.

—. “Hula Halau in Tokyo: A Case Study of Hula Schools.” Perfect Beat 4.4 (2000): 61-72. Print.

—. “Yearning for a Distant Music: Consumption of Hawaiian Music and Dance in Japan.” Ph.D. dissertation. University of Hawai’i at Manoa, 2004. Print.

Laes, Ron. The Art of Hula. Volume 1: Laka. Kahului, HI: Goldsmiths Publishing, 1996. Print.

Lewis, George H. “Style in Revolt: Music, Social Protest, and the Hawaiian Cultural Renaissance.” International Social Science Review. Print.

—. “Da Kine Sounds: The Function of Music as Social Protest in the New Hawaiian Renaissance.” American Music 2 (1984): 38-52. Print.

—. “Beyond the Reef: Role Conflict and the Professional Musician in Hawaii.” Popular Music 5. Continuity and Change. Eds. Middleton, Richard and David Horn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985. 189-98. Print.

—. “The Role of Music in Popular Social Movements: A Theory and Case Study of the Island State of Hawaii, USA.” International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music 16 (1985): 153-62. Print.

—. “Music, Culture and the Hawaiian Renaissance.” Popular Music and Society 10.3 (1986): 47-53. Print.

—. “Style in Revolt: Music, Social Protest, and the Hawaiian Cultural Renaissance.” International Social Science Review 62.4 (1987): 168-77. Print.

—. “A Soul Awakening: Social Identity in Hawaiian Music.” Culture XX (1990): 618-29. Print.

—. “Storm Blowing from Paradise: Social Protest and Oppositional Ideology in Popular Hawaiian Music.” Popular Music and Society 10.1 (1991): 53-67. Print.

—. “Don’ Go Down Waikiki: Social Protest and Popular Music in Hawaii.” Rockin’ the Boat: Mass Music and Mass Movements. Ed. Garofalo, Reebee. n.p.: South End Press, 1992. Print.

—. “Beyond the Reef: Cultural Constructions of Hawaii in Mainland America, Australia and Japan.” Journal of Popular Culture 30.2 (1996): 123-35. Print.

—. “The Politics of Meaning: Emergent Ideology in Popular Hawaiian Music.”  (2006): 23-33. Print.

Lindsey, R. Hōkūlei. “Responsibility with Accountability: The Birth of a Strategy to Protect Kanaka Maoli Traditional Knowledge.” Howard Law Journal 48 (2005), 763-785.

Linnekin, Jocelyn. “Defining Tradition: Variations on the Hawaiian Identity.” American Ethnologist 10 (1983): 241-52. Print.

Lopes, R. Keawe, Jr. “Ua Noho Au A Kupa I Ke Alo.” In Kanaka ʻŌiwi Methodologies: Moʻolelo and Metaphor, edited by Katrina-Ann R. Kaāʻanaokalāokeola Nākoa Oliveira and Erin Kahunawaikaʻala Wright (Honolulu: Hawaiʻinuiākea Hawaiian School of Knowledge and University of Hawaii Press, 2016), 30-41.

Louis, Renee Pualani. Kanaka Hawaiʻi Cartography: Navigation, and Oratory, and Hula. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 2017.

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